Mowlānā Jalāl al-Din Muhammad Rumi, also known simply as Rumi, was the preeminent Sufi mystic and poet. Born in 13th-century Persia, he composed a wide variety of poems about the themes of sacred love, beauty, and the eternal longing to be united with the Divine. In addition to the Masnavi, his revered six-volume poem, Rumi is most famous for his Divân-e Shams-e Tabrizi, which includes over 3200 ghazals.
The ghazal is a form of traditional Persian poetry that is often compared to the Western sonnet, due to its strict formalistic requirements. In the original Farsi, a ghazal comprises five to fifteen couplets, each ending with a refrain, which first appears at the end of both lines of the first couplet. The final couplet usually includes a reference to the poet in the third person, communicating more directly with the reader. Unlike sonnets, however, each couplet remains independent in meaning—a poem in itself—united to the others only in its form, rhyme, and meter. This sonnet from Divân-e Shams-e Tabrizi is widely considered Rumi’s final composition, addressed to his son while on his deathbed in 1273.